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Surgical Forceps
Medical_art  Obstetrical Forceps

Obstetrical forceps, also known as brain forceps have long been in use in the medical profession . Obstetrical forceps are used to help in fetal delivery by allowing the doctor to adjust the position of the unborn child's head during delivery. These forceps also allow the doctor to apply traction to the unborn child's head to help in the birthing process. In other words, brain forceps are widely used forceps to aid in the vaginal delivery of a baby. They are smoothly shaped and curved forceps having two blades and a handle designed to hold and pull the baby properly without causing any damage.




All forceps are constructed of stainless steel or similarly rigid material. Though there are many different kinds of obstetrical forceps, the most commonly used ones are thin metal curving into a ring at its tip. This tip fastens the baby's head to protect from damage during the delivery. However, at times, they are capable of applying forces to the unborn child's head which the head cannot tolerate. To avoid such problems, nowadays, obstetrical or brain forceps are also made from a flexible material, preferably a low residue polyurethane elastomer, to facilitate safe delivery of a fetus.

Safety of obstetrical forceps

use of these forceps is as safe /dangerous as any other surgical tool or drug. Used incorrectly, these forceps can cause serious harm and when used correctly, they help in providing a gentler and smoother delivery for a baby's head than no forceps at all. They are always recommended for use for saving babies' lives, when delivery is prudent during fetal distress.

Why are obstetrical forceps used in delivery?

Obstetrical forceps are used or preferred when rapid delivery
is necessary in an emergency. And since they are fairly smooth and gentle when used at the lowest possible descent point of the baby's head , it helps in shortening the end of an exhausting labor. Proper placement of the forceps provides a halo of metal around the baby's skull thereby protecting it. The force is fully applied at the cheek boones. In this way, when the head descends, the brain of the baby is not subjected to the compression-decompression forces that the vaginal sidewalls exert against it. All of the force is spread over the metal halo of the forceps. So it is obvious that doctors want forceps on all natural deliveries.



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